Academics and students of philosophy and those who enjoyed philosophy certainly familiar figure Fritjhof Schuon. Yes, he is one of the most famous philosophers. Not only among Western scientists, but also Muslim scholars.
During his life, Frithjof Schuon well known as a philosopher and author of numerous books metafisikawan theme of religion and spirituality. His name is always associated with the ideas contained in the phenomenal book entitled The transcendent Unity of Religions. A book used as reference by the followers understand religious pluralism.
Frithjof Schuon was born in Basel, Switzerland, on June 18, 1907. His father was German and his mother bleeding from Asaltia. His father was a violinist, while his mother is a homemaker. He spent his childhood in Basel and go to school there until his father’s death. After the death of his father, a small Schuon with her mother decided to move to Mulhouse, France.
While living in France is Schuon began to show interest in the philosophy of science. One of the most admired figures are philosophers Rene Guenon, a French philosopher. Guenon who is also a convert to Islam known as a pioneer perennial philosophy.
Since the age of 16 years, Schuon has devoured many works of Guenon, in addition to reviewing the works of Plato. Because obsessed by the ideas of Guenon, Schuon ventured to correspond with the role model character for almost 20 years. Later he became one of the characters thoughts Guenon successor.
After the army for 1.5 years, Schuon decided to move to the City of Paris. In this fashion capital, he tried working as a textile designer. On the sidelines of his spare time, Schuon Arabic language classes are held at a mosque in Paris.
Living in Paris has given the opportunity to Schuon to recognize the various forms of traditional arts from various countries, especially Asia. His passion for traditional art is then brought to wander down to Algeria in 1932. There he met a Sufi named Sheikh Ahmad Al-Alawi.
In 1935, for the second time he did perjalana to North Africa. This time he visited not only Algeria, but also Morocco. Travels to the North Africa region followed by a visit to Egypt between 1938 and 1939. Here, he met Guenon for the first time. At that moment, there is transfer of knowledge from teacher to students directly.
From Egypt, he went on his way down to Indian country. In countries that have visited it, Schuon many encounters with Sufi Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism.
In 1939, shortly after his arrival in India, World War II broke out. The situation is forcing him to return to France and devoted himself in the French armed forces. Participation in the French army to make himself into a German prisoner of war. He also sought asylum in Switzerland.
He Swiss government granted Swiss citizenship status provided that he had lived there for 40 years. In 1949, he married a Swiss woman of German descent. The wife, besides having the same interests in religion and metaphysics, also known as a talented painter.
Together with his wife, Schuon spiritual travel to various parts of the world came to the United States (U.S.). From several visits to America, they studied the life of Crow Indian tribe. These couples also had to undergo rituals of worship and teaching about philosophy of life, Crow Indian tribe.
However, of the many teachings he had studied philosophy, he is interested in Islamic philosophy. These have in turn encouraged him to move faith and embrace Islam.
However, not much data about these truths and that mention exactly when he converted to Islam. However, it is mentioned that after becoming a Muslim, he changed his name to Isa Nur al-Din al-Ahmad al-Darquwi Syazhili al-Alawi al-Maryami.
In view of Schuon, Islam better than the Hindu religion contains the last form of Sanatana Dharma. Islamic teachings, he says, not only contains aspects of esotericism (includes aspects of the metaphysical and the internal dimension of religion), but also aspects eksoterisme (including external aspects, dogmatic, ritual, ethics, and morals of a religion). While the Hindu teachings put forward only one aspect.
In 1980, Schuon and his wife emigrated to Indiana, the United States. He settled in this land of Uncle Sam until his death in 1998. Throughout his life, he has produced more than 20 works of writing. Although various ideas which he poured through his works is much criticized and debated, but until now his thoughts are still praised and was followed by a number of international intellectual and inter-religious.
“My people will look at the last day with shining faces, hands and legs glistening from traces of ablution.” (Narrated by Ahmad, Bukhari and Muslim)